Glossary of Terms
Accumulating Guide Plate
This is a narrow metal plate or series of plates that maintain the wire direction during the gripper feed cycle. Click here to see plates.
The coils which are free to deflect under force
A viewable list of alarm types, number of occurrences, dates and duration of occurrence which can be used to track equipment and or operator efficiencies on Novo Precision cut to lengths systems
A supplier and industry standard for electrical components such as PLCs, sensors, etc used by OEM companies
A round rod on a spring coiler over which wire is coiled to form an object such as a spring
The spinning elements of a rotary straightener that rotate around the wire and hold the straightening guides
The shape that can result from cutting tubing.
Stopping a line automatically when a defective part is detected. [Same as Judoka]
The tension applied to a coiled material as it passes between the reel and the processing station. An adequate back-tension must be maintained to ensure that the material spools correctly on or off the reel.
Heating electroplated springs to remove hydrogen
A solid piece or block of material that is usually considerably longer than it is wide
A condition as the result of marking or scratching wire due to the improper setting of a rotary straightener
The ( typically ) circular base of a wire payoff where the bundles or coils rest.
A settable condition on a Novo Precision cut to length system to be able to cut “groups” of pieces based on packaging requirements. This mode would allow a customer to cut a 1,000 pieces in 20 batches of 50 pieces each.
The requirement to group a number of pieces together. – A screen settable value on a Novo Precision SF&C system
Bearing rolls or rolls are the element of a "roll" style straightener that direct the wire within a wire straightener in a slalom type path to braek the wire memory and make it straight. Typically several bearings or bearing rolls or just rolls are used within the straightener to achieve straightness.
A European brand of PC used in the Colombi spring coiling systems that is Windows™ compatible
A Colombi® brand spring detangler for large size springs.
An automatic spring separator and feeding system manufactured by Colombi for delivering individual orientated springs to a particular location. The Bigmatic™ is designed to bigger springs than the Colombi Speedfeeder™. Click here to see a Bigmatic.
Materials that have lost containment of desired removal sequence and snagging or knotting will occur.
Any resource whose capacity is equal to or less than the demand placed on it.
A vibrating container with an inclined “tooled” track to feed out a part or item in a particular orientation - See also Feeder Bowl
Bowing or lateral deflection of compression springs when compressed, related to the slenderness ratio – A condition that can occur when feeding fine wire without guides.
A collection of twisted together wire strands.
This is a device that closes several rolls or bearings on one side of a straightener bank or plane. I t is also referred to as a “quick release”. Its purpose is to allow for quick loading of wire into a wire straightener and is generally only needed on large wire straighteners.
This refers to a particular “configuration” or packaging of tooling items that ensures a simple yet precise way of allowing a particular machine to be quickly converted over from one production project to another.
The “bend” or “curve” that a wire takes when placed on a spool, reel, or if in a coil. to turn or change shape under torsion or to assume a spiral shape
The adjustable tubular poles on a wire payoff used to keep the ID of the coil centered on the basket
A Novo Precision system material guide made from ceramic
See Cam - Lock
A coil is made of materials, usually rigid, which can be fashioned into a spiral or helical shape. Flexible materials like wire, rope, hose, or cable can also be coiled into empty loops, or wound around a central drum or spindle.
The “curve” or “bend” that wire takes when wrapped or bundled in coils.
The specific packaging of wire or narrow strip into bunches or bundles that are tie wrapped into “stock” coil weights.
A division of the Swedish company Tekno-Detaljer that manufactures in-line spring coiling systems and detanglers
A spring shape similar to a cone or hour glass– A type of spring that can be made on the Colombi spring coiler system
Anything that limits a system from achieving higher performance, or throughput. That bottleneck which most severely limit the organization's ability to achieve higher performance relative its purpose/goal.
A term to describe wire that has a Helix or “pig-tail” in it.
A spring shape that has a symmetrical cylindrical shape with the outer diameter being the same over the whole length – A type of spring that can be made on the Colombi spring coiler system
A device on a motorized payoff that controls payoff tension
The action of removing by un-winding material from a coil, reel or spool
Displacement of the ends or arms of a spring on the application of an external force (P).
A wire or narrow strip payoff. Used for taking off linear material from a large reel.
A mechanical device to untangle or seperate parts such as springs
A 2 plane device as in a 2 plane wire straightener
The item that comes in contact with wire or narrow strip that is part of a tractor drive device, usually a hard rubber.
A set of opposing rolls ( 2, 4, or 6 ) driven by a motor and gearbox that have been “ground” to a particular radius or shape to feed linear material as part of a servo or other type of feed device.
A specific set of mounting hardware from Novo Precision that allows a wire straightener to be set in a rotational value around 360 degrees of the wire feed line – A dual item
A cover – usually transparent – that is over a bank or plane or series of planes on a wire straightener to keep contamination from falling onto the bearing rolls.
Maximum stress to which a spring can be stressed without taking a permanent set – The point which must be reached by a roll straightener in order to “break the wire memory”.
Maximum stress which can be repeatably applied without incurring spring failure.
A mechanical device used to separate one part from another. Typically used in assembly machines or process machines to isolate a item for work.
External Setup (OED)
Tooling setup procedures that can be performed while machine is in motion. OED - "outer exchange of die" [See Internal Setup]
A system to feed materials a specified length and cut by an appropriate means
A precision adjustment device of the stroke of a reciprocating feed ( Fine Adjust Device) – A standard option on a Novo Precision series #02 SF&C
A condition where a spring is deflected continually and the metal become fatigued to the point where it may fail at a stress value far below the elastic limit.
A mechanical device to push / pull / feed or otherwise direct material or parts into or out of a particular processing device. See Servo Feed - Linear Drives
Typically round rolls that are used to "pull" wire or other linear material using a servo drive device. The rolls are ground with the wire diameter or shape dimensions to ensure accurate feeding of that material.
Typically this is a parts feeding device that is in the shape of a bowl which vibrates. The bowl is "tooled" so that parts "walk out' of the bowl along an inclined surface which vibrates. Various slots, arms, blades, holes, and other shaped tooling items orient the parts so that they exit the bowl the desired way and one at a time.
A relative term, but usually refers to small wire under .025” in diameter
Usually flat, square, or rectangular shaped material.
Any wire that is not round – usually refers to thin or narrow strip or even square wire
Float Control Valve
A valve that is put “in-line” on an air line to regulate, reduce, restrict, or “float” the level of air passing thru the line. Some Novo Precision SF&C systems employ one for the purpose of optimizing the systems operation for particular applications.
An active power applied to a spring to cause a deflection. It may also be erroneously referred to as load
Fourslides are machines designed to produce parts requiring blanking, piercing, or other machine operations in addition to forming. Fourslide machines combine a horizontal press with four forming slides, a highly efficient combination. Nilson & US Baird were two of the most common manufactures of these machines.
The angle between the arms of a torsion spring when the spring is not loaded.
Free Length (L)
The overall length of a spring in the un-loaded position
French Curve Reservoir
The design of a decoil system to get a smooth curve of varying radii to store material to remove shock resulting from reciprocal feeding systems.
The number of cycles per minute at which a spring will vibrate freely once it has been excited.
A metal or other strong material usually formed into a rod or square shape with very specific dimensions to which something can be compared to or measured by.
Gradient (Rate) (R)
Change in force per incremental unit of deflection. I.E. pounds per square inch
The clamping device that is found in the Novo Precision F&C system. The gripper is used to pull the wire or strip through the system.
Straightener rolls or bearings that have been machined to a particular shape or radius. Usually grooved rolls serve to improve wire straightening for a particular diameter material but are limited to that diameter.
A device that controls the direction of material trough a processing machine. All Novo Precision wire straighteners, feed and cutoff systems, servo feeds, wire payoffs, and wire cleaner lubricators employ material guides.
The brand identifier for a small pneumatic dereeler of wire spools produced by Colombi
The brand identifier for a small electrically driven dereeler of wire spools produced by Colombi
A bundle of linear material ( wire ) – Usually in coil form or bundled lengths of cut material.
Deflecting a spring in a fixture at elevated temperatures in order to reduce loss of load at operating temperatures
Springs of spiral or cylindrical shape such as compression, extension or torsion springs.
This is the "corkscrew" effect that some wire has. The degree of Helix can be determined by cutting slightly more than a complete loop of material and holding it diametrically opposite the cut ends of the loop. The distance the parallel ends of the wire are from touching each other indicates the extent of the helix.
A straightener with several banks or planes of straightening rolls arranged at different angular positions around the circumference of the wire to be straightened.
the motion or process of carrying forward the material to be operated upon in a reciprocal motion
A large holding container to house a bulk quantity of parts that is typically used with some type of automatic assembly or delivery system. A component on the Bigmatic™ spring separator and feeding system manufactured by Colombi
The difference in forces at various deflections when loading or un-loading a spring
Initial Tension (Pi)
A force wound into an extension spring during coiling to hold the coils together
Comparing product, or component against specifications to determine if such product or component meets requirements. [See Judgment Inspection or Informative Inspection]
Internal Setup (IED)
Tooling setup procedures that must be performed while machine is in stopped. IED - "inner exchange of die" [See External Setup]
A wire that is covered with another material as in “paper covered” wire or “metal wrapped” wire or “PVC coated” wire. – Typically a “Jacket” is considered a more hardened type of wire covering.
JIC (Joint Industrial Council) Standards were written in the early 1950s the purpose was to provide a uniform set of basic practices which would result in a well-built machine or system.
During the 1980s, the JIC committees became dormant and the standards were rewritten. The new ones are: The National Fire Protection Association NFPA 79 Electrical Standard for Industrial Machinery, the National Fluid Power Association published Hydraulic Fluid Power - Systems Standard for Stationary Industrial Machinery (ANSI/NFPA/JIC T2.24.1) and Pneumatic Fluid Power - Systems Standard for Industrial Machinery (ANSI/B93.114M).
A form of inspection used to determine non-conforming product. [See Inspection or Informative Inspection]
Stopping a line automatically when a defective part is detected. [Same as Autonomation]
A scheduling system that tells you what to produce, when to produce it, and how much to produce; it is a concept related to lean and just-in-time (JIT) production.
This term refers to any type of material which is typically formed or processed in long lengths. Wire, narrow strip, tubing, cable, rope, hose, etc would be considered linear material.
A safety device that creates a light “fence” around a machine which if touched causes the equipment to stop running.
Load (Force) (P)
Active power applied to a spring to cause a deflection (F)
A electronic or mechanical device placed between the source of material supply and the processing system which regulates the amount of material ( slack amount ) available for processing. The device will signal the downstream system to start or stop depending on the amount of slack that is available.
A password protected counter that displays the number of cutting cycles performed by a Novo Precision SF&C system for the purpose of performing system maintenance based on system usage.
Mean Coil Diameter
Outside spring diameter (OD) minus wire thickness (d)
Medical Guide Wires
Spirals, Guide wires, and Catheters used in Urology, Radiology, and Angiography
A Colombi® brand spring detangler for very small springs.
A Colombi® brand spring detangler for medium size springs.
A term for a wire straightener that can straighten fine wire.
Modules in Shear or Torsion (G)
Coefficient of stiffness for extension and compression springs
Modules in Tension or Bending
Coefficient of stiffness for torsion and flat springs
A four-slide, also known as a multislide, multi-slide, or four-way, is a metalworking machine tool used in the high-volume manufacture of small stamped components from bar or wire stock. The press is most simply described as a horizontal stamping press that uses cams to control tools. The machine is used for progressive or transfer stamping operations
A common high-carbon steel alloy used for spring manufacture. It is cold drawn and offers uniform tensile strength - Music Wire is highly magnetic
NEMA Rated Cabinet
Enclosures designed to protect items from various environmental hazards – Different ratings for each hazard
Nitrogen Gas Spring
The spring device in the Novo Precision SF&C cutter head that keeps the quill block aligned with the wire line after a cut
Activities or actions taken that add no real value to the product or service, making such activities or action a form of waste. [See Value Added]
This is the measured value used on Novo Precision wire straighteners to cause the material to be deformed from the central line of the PWS.
The name used by Colombi to indicate the inspection and testing station of their pneumatic or CNC based spring coilers.
Paper Jacketed Wire
A solid core wire that is tightly wrapped in cellulose as a means of insulating the wire
An acid dipping treatment applied to stainless steel to remove contaminants and improve corrosion resistance
The equipment used to achieve decoil (see decoil)
A particular pen type device used to manually insert springs produced on one of the Colombi spring coiling systems
The difference in length of a highly stressed spring upon release of a force.
A term to describe wire that has a Helix or “corkscrew” in it.
Another name for “Top Hat”
An adjustable dead point on the Novo Precision PCS designed to keep the wire from exceeding the desired cut length.
The distance from center of the wire in two adjacent coils
An attachment for a Novo Precision series #04QR & #05QR wire straightener to allow a particular rotational angle to be set for the wire-in location so as to be congruent with the angle of payoff cast.
An air based spring coiling unit
A special product used to enhance and extend the capabilities of a four slide machine available from Novo Precision
Precision Cutting Station
The PCS is a Novo Precision product that is used to manually cut precise lengths of wire from a rod
Precision Cutting Station
A semi-manual precision device offer by Novo Precision for cutting short burr free pieces of material from bar stock.
A term used to distinguish between certain types of tools or hardware – Wire straighteners are classified this way
The process of closing to solid height a compression spring which has been coiled longer than the desired finish length, so as to increase the apparent elastic limit
The flow of material in time and space. The accumulation of sub-processes, or operations that transform material from raw material to finished products.
Special Novo Precision system option. A package of add-on accessories to enhance the ease of monitoring the operation of the Novo Precision equipment.
Maximum load at which strain or deformation is directly proportional to stress, at zero percent offset.
A Novo Precision Programmable Rotary Wire Straightener
The power required to pull a particular wire type & diameter through the straightening rolls of a roll straightener
Precision Wire Straightener
Meeting expectation and requirements, stated and un-stated, of the customer.
Quick Change Cart
The transport vehicle to move tooling and fixtures rapidly from point to point
The ability to change tooling and fixtures rapidly (usually minutes), so multiple products can be run on the same machine.
See Quick Release
Usually a cam type device on a roll straightener that will open a group of rolls at one time to ease threading the wire
Quick Set Value
This is the measured value used on Novo Precision precision wire straighteners to cause the material to travel on the central line of the PWS.
The tooling component used to hold the (traveling) quill in a Novo Precision cutting system.
Quill Body Block
Quill on Quill
The cutting method typically found in the Novo Precision SF&C system. Two separate cylinders with precise profiles cut into them along the length to allow material to pass through them. One quill called (traveling) is passed across the face of the other quill called (stationary) and produces the cutting action on the material.
A standard or custom radius ground into the bearing rolls used in the Novo Precision precision wire straighteners.
Rate (R) (Gradient)
Change in force per incremental unit of deflection. I.E. pounds per inch
Attributes and features of a product or service that, in the eyes of customers, is worth paying for. [See Value Added, Non-Value Added]
A printed chart of the Novo Precision wire straighteners used to record the offset used on a particular wire or job.
A material retaining or transport device for wire or strip material usually over 24” in OD and may be made of wood, plastic, or metal. Reels can weigh in the thousands of pounds but generally do not weigh less than 100lb – See Spool
Stresses incorporated within a spring by coiling, compressing to remove set, shot-peening, cold working or induced by heat treatment
Elastic ability of a material to rebound to its original shape after deflection.
The heating method used by the Colombi spring coiling systems to in-line heat treat the spring.
Roll / Rolls
This is the rotating element, typically a bearing, within a straightener that guides the wire or strip along the straightener path.
The term given to the mounting screw and cap that attaches a bearing to the sliding mechanism of a roll straightener
The term given to the sliding plate to which the bearing or roll of a wire straightener is attached
The plastic “V” shaped ceramic coated wheels used in the Novo Precision Fine Wire Payoff.
A straightener that employs a spinning mechanism and continuous material feeder to straighten wire
Stanzbiegetechnik of Austria – Maker of Stamping, Bending, Welding, Injection Molding, and Assembly Machines – Novo Precision business partner.
A motorized drive device used for linear material. Typically with pneumatically operated claming wheels and an encoder for feed control
Also referred to as “cast” – The curve or bow a wire takes from being wrapped around in a coil or on a spool
Straighten Feed & Cut – A standard cut to length system of Novo Precision.
Specially ground “roll bearings” on a roll type straightener that match a particular material contour
A non-round wire – Typical shapes are square, hex, rectangle, and “D” shaped
A bearing or straightening roll that has a contamination prevention shield
The gas cylinder on a Novo Precision SF&C system used to reduce the shock of the pneumatic gripper / puller when it strikes the dead stop on its stroke cycle.
A specific set of mounting hardware from Novo Precision that allows a wire straightener to be set in a rotational value around 360 degrees of the wire feed line – A single device
Sinker EDM (conventional)
The sinker EDM process utilizes an electrically charged electrode (EDM electrode) that is configured to a specific geometry to burn the geometry of the electrode into a metal (conductive) component. The sinker EDM process is commonly used in the production of dies and molds.
The number of mechanical strokes that a Novo Precision SF&C will make before cutting the material – Maximum is 300
The ratio of spring free length (L) to the mean coil diameter (D). If the ratio is over 4.0 compression springs may buckle depending upon the amount of deflection.
Electronic device incorporated into Novo Precision equipment to signal when processed material has snagged or stopped decoiling.
Solid Height (H)
Length of the compression spring when force causes each coil to come in contact with adjacent coils
An automatic spring separator and feeding system manufactured by Colombi for delivering individual orientated springs to a particular location.
A material retaining or transport device for wire or strip material usually under 24” in OD and is generally made of plastic. Spools normally do not exceed 50 lbs – See Reel
A mechanical device, usually CNC based, that is used to form or coil springs
The ratio of mean coil diameter (D) to wire diameter (d) . The best ratio is between 7-13
The center line to center line distance between spring coils. - An adjustable value available on the Colombi CNC based in-line spring coiling system
A mechanical device to separate tangled springs. Also called a detangler
A term usually applied to the performance level and limited features of a wire straightener – A “Standard grade” wire straightener does not perform as well as a Precision Grade” which has more features and greater control..
The non-moving quill of a Novo Precision cutting quill set found in our cut to length systems
The bearings or “rolls” that wire passes over to break the “set” or memory in the wire or flat strip
The deformation produced by a stress as compared to the original shape
A group of individual wires wrapped around each other or twisted together
The force divided by the area over which it acts.
A low temperature heat treatment to relieve residual stresses induced during coiling
A straightener used to take “bow” out of strip stock
The physical single stroke length limit of a Novo Precision feed and cut system. The lengths available are 3”, 6”, & 12”
Syncro Cam Timing™
A special product used to enhance and extend the capabilities of a four slide machine available from Novo Precision
A cone shaped element that is used to hold
The rate the system generates money through sales.
This term refers to the "special" hardware items that are either inserted or attached to a mechanical machine to either form, shape, or a particular part or to perform a particular function such as cutting or bending.
A metal frame, usually tubular, in the shape of a “Lincoln Stove Pipe Hat” for holding a large coil of wire.
A twisting force in torsion springs which tends to produce rotation, equal to the force multiplied by the distance from the force to the axis of the spring body.
The pre-set torque knob supplied with a Novo Precision PWS for setting the proper holding torque on the positioning screws
Total Coils (N)
The number of active coils (n). For compression springs add to (n) the number of dead coils forming the ends
A general name for a method of feeding linear materials between two opposing moving belts.
The cutting quill of a quill set that moves across the face of the Stationary quill in a Novo Precision feed & cutoff system
A "system' or machine which is complete in its design that will produce a part or perform a certain task and requires only to be loaded with the primary material(s) and can be operated from one location using one controlling device that has only one key to turn on to start it up.
A term that means that a roll bearing or servo feed wheel has a radius or “V” or other such shape
Activities or actions taken that add real value to the product or service. [See Non-Value Added]
Vee Groove Bearings
Standard 120 degree angle ground into the bearing rolls used in the Novo Precision precision wire straighteners.
A special product used to enhance and extend the capabilities of a four slide machine available from Novo Precision
See Bowl Feeder
Anything that uses resources, but does not add real value to the product or service.
Wire Cleaner Lubricator
A single, usually cylindrical, elongated strand of drawn metal
A bulk quantity of wire that is coiled or packed togeter. See Coil - Hank
A device, either hand held or machine, that cuts wire, manually or automaticly, which uses human muscles, pneumatics, hydrulics, or electricity.
Wire EDM is process whereby a wire typically .006 inch to .008 inch in diameter is electrically charged at a very high voltage and used to cut precision shapes in prismatic components.
A motor driven mechanical device ( servo drive, tractor drive, pneumatic cylinder, electric motor, etc. ) with special wheels, belts, grippers, etc that will move wire at a certain speed and in a certain direction.
Components used to guide the material thru a Novo Precision cut to length system.
The physical centerline dimension of the wire passing thru a mechanical feed or straightening device
Wire Out Sensor
Electronic device incorporated into Novo Precision equipment to signal when processed material has run out.
This is usually a cable type of wire that is made from several strands twisted together.
Any mechanical device use to straighten wire. Some types of wire straighteners are: Roll straightener, Torsion, and Rotary
A device that puts wire under tension. Good back tension on wire improves the consistancy of a roll type or rotary type wire straightener.
See wire cutter
Produced product related to scheduled product.
The stress force at which a material begins to plastically deform. Prior to the yield point the material will deform elastically and will return to its original shape when the applied stress is removed. Once the yield point is passed some fraction of the deformation will be permanent and non-reversible